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Panic Disorder and Pharmacotherapy

Researchers Explore Personalized Pharmacotherapy to Treat Panic Attacks -  Drug Discovery and Development

Frequent panic attacks can convert into a disorder if not treated. People showing symptoms should seek immediate help to improve the quality of their life by consulting the best psychiatrist in Karachi.

What is a panic disorder?

It is a type of anxiety disorder. Panic disorder transpires when the person experiences recurrent panic attacks. The person with panic disorder frequently remains anxious and in fear that there might be another panic attack. Intense situations where the person might become conscious and worried can be triggering and result in a panic attack. The symptoms can be physical and include; shortening of breath, sweat, and intense heart palpitation.

What are the symptoms of panic disorder?

A person who experiences a panic attack more than once a month is prone to be diagnosed with the disorder.

The symptoms of panic disorder are inclusive of:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Vertigo
  • Sweating in intense situations
  • Fear of death
  • Fear of things being out of control
  • Rapid heart palpitations
  • Derealization and Depersonalization
  • Nausea
  • Constant anxiousness

What should the people around you do?

A panic attack can last from 10 minutes to 1 hour. The person exhibits physical symptoms; hence, the caregiver or family members should try to calm the person. Never ask the person to recall the details of a panic attack as it may cause another panic attack. 

What are the causes of panic disorder?

The cause of panic attacks correlates with genetics and life events. It has been observed that the person with constant stressful transitions in life is more likely to be diagnosed with panic disorder.

How can the psychiatrist help the person with panic disorder?

The psychiatrist is the person who can help with therapy and prescribe medicine. Psychiatrists are trained and qualified to prescribe medicines and provide therapy that can help the individual get better. 

What is pharmacotherapy?

The mental health concerns are most of the time dealt with by therapy. Panic disorders and depression, and other severe problems need medication along with therapy. The usage of medicines is known as pharmacotherapy.

What are the treatments available for treating panic disorder?

The treatments that are effective in the treatment of individuals diagnosed with the panic disorder include:

  • Prescribing SSRIs: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are a type of antidepressant that limits the absorption of serotonin in nerve cells. The balance in serotonin levels reduced anxiety and panic. The most common SSRIs are citalopram, paroxetine and sertraline.
  • Prescribing SNRIs: It is another antidepressant that limits the absorption of both; serotonin and norepinephrine. Venlafaxine is the common SNRI prescribed to reduce stress.
  • Use of TCAs: They are not commonly used but are effective in treating panic attacks. It blocks acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter, to reduce anxiety. The most prescribed TCAs include doxepin and Tofranil.
  • Use of Beta-blockers: Beta-blockers help deal with the physical symptoms; including lowering the blood pressure.
  • Use of MAOIs: Monoamine oxidase inhibitors are responsible for breaking the enzyme primarily responsible for the breakdown of both; serotonin and norepinephrine. The commonly known MAOIs prescribed to treat panic attacks are isocarboxazid and phenelzine.
  • Therapy: The use of medication is a must for panic attacks, but to understand and cope with the symptoms, the individual would be advised therapy.

The individual who has recurrent episodes of panic attacks should immediately seek help from the Psychiatrist in Islamabad to become aware of the symptoms and treatment options.